2.b.16 – What were the technological and economic fallout in other areas?

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February 3, 2010 — Riccardo Sabellotti - Giacinto Sabellotti


What were the technological and economic fallout in other areas?

The industrial revolution caused an unprecedented economic expansion that involved all components of society and all sectors of production; in particular, it was strongly encouraged the commercial sector, both by sea and by land, making very appropriate the introduction of steamboats and trains; using new technologies, during the nineteenth century, increasingly large and stable ships were built and a railway network extended throughout Europe and the United States of America. The technological revolution in transport continued in the 1900 with the spread of cars and motorized vehicles in general and with the invention of the airplane.
A similar development there have been in the communications sector: first postal services improved, thanks to new motorized transports, then with the telegraph in 1844 began the era of telecommunications that continued in 1860 with the phone and in 1897 with the radio. These instruments were based on a completely new use of electricity that now was used to send signals; this new technology today is called electronic and led, in 1925, to the first experimental model of TV.
Profound changes also affected the traditional agricultural sector, where machines increasingly sophisticated and efficient were introduced, as well as fertilizer and chemical pesticides for industrial products.
The new industrial power and the wider scientific and technological knowledge inevitably led to the production of increasingly deadly weapons and increasingly bloody wars, fought also competing for the colonial territories that, as we have seen, represented a source and a market for the industrial production. Even the war needs, as well as industrial exigencies, gave a big boost to research and science; many inventions, made possible by largely financed military purposes, then had wide diffusion and application in civil context as reaction aircraft, in the GPS and in the internet.
The expansion of typically industrial technology, outside factories influenced the lives of ordinary people even in their free time: in big cities of the nineteenth century, it was possible to travel by train or bicycle, to wire a message, take photographs and, at the end of the century, even to go to the movies, to fly with a balloon or an airship. As we know, this phenomenon was then growing throughout the twentieth century and today, in developed countries, in every house there is a washing machine, a vacuum cleaner, a radio, at least one television, personal computer and a number of mobile phones.
The rapid spread of technology among the population caused the spread of a new way of conceiving the world: a world in constant evolution, dominated not only by technological but also civil and economic progress; the vision of a static and cyclic world was universally abandoned, everybody saw with his own eyes the marvels of new technology and it was clear that the world would have never been the same. It is no coincidence that the theory of evolution was conceived and accepted this period and the same can be said of the appearance of science fiction as a literary and cinematographic genre.



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1 Comment to “2.b.16 – What were the technological and economic fallout in other areas?”

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    2.b.16 – What were the technological and economic fallout in other areas? | Ofelon…

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